2013 №08 (01) 2013 №08 (03)

The Paton Welding Journal 2013 #08
The Paton Welding Journal, 2013, #8, 7-12 pages  



1E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute, NASU. 11 Bozhenko Str., 03680, Kiev, Ukraine. E-mail:
2NTUU «KievPolytechnicUniversity».6/2 Dashavskaya Str., 03056, Kiev, Ukraine. E-mail:
In multilayer electroslag welding the heat generated in the process of producing each layer effects the earlier welded areas of a groove performing its partial heat treatment and improving its mechanical properties. The aim of the work is the study of effect of thermal cycle on the structure and mechanical properties of welded joint in multilayer electroslag welding using consumable nozzle. The measurements of thermal cycles of the metal of heat affected zone were carried out. To study the effect of self-heat treatment on the structure and properties of welded joints the investigations were carried out including macro- and microanalysis of weld layers and their heat affected zones as well as mechanical tests of the characteristic areas of welded joints. It was found that in the overheating zone of base metal, not exposed to the reheating, the growth of grains reaches N2 and N1 according to the GOST 5639-82 and in the zones of reheating (self-heat treatment) Е N7 and N8. The hardness of metal of layers and areas of heat affected zone exposed to reheating is on average by 20 % lower than that of the areas of heat affected zone with base metal not exposed to reheating. It was shown that in multilayer electroslag welding alternatively from one edge of a butt to another one the volume of self-heat treatment of the layers of multilayer electroslag weld reaches 38.4 %. In multilayer electroslag welding with deposition of layers from the middle of a butt to its edges, the volume of self-heat treatment of the first (central) layer reaches 87 % and the rest (except of the external layers) is 30-43 %. It was established that the width of heat affected zone scarcely depends on specific energy input in the investigated range of its values. 19 Ref., 10 Figures.
Keywords: multilayer electroslag welding, thermal cycle, self-heat treatment, heat affected zone, mechanical properties, impact toughness
Received:                30.05.13
Published:               28.08.13
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