2014 №01 (02) DOI of Article
2014 №01 (04)

The Paton Welding Journal 2014 #01
TPWJ, 2014, #1, 20-24 pages  
Journal                    The Paton Welding Journal
Publisher                 International Association «Welding»
ISSN                      0957-798X (print)
Issue                       № 1, 2014 (January)
Pages                      20-24
O. GoncharDnepropetrovskNationalUniversity. 72 Gagarin Ave., 49010, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. E-mail: sukhovaya@ukr.net
Structure and properties of macro-heterogeneous composite layers produced using method of furnace surfacing were investigated. As the fillers the quasi-crystalline alloys Al-Cu-Fe, Al-Co-Cu and Al-Co-Ni were used. As the bonds the alloys based on aluminium and copper were used. It was shown that the method of furnace surfacing allows obtaining the content of quasi-crystalline icosahedral y-phase of not less than 30vol.% in the structure of composite layers strengthened by Al-Cu-Fe alloy-filler, and the content of quasi-crystalline decagonal D-phase of up to 55 vol.% in the structure of composite layers with alloys-fillers Al-Co-Cu and Al-Co-Ni. The regularities of formation of interfaces between filler and bond during surfacing are explained by realization of solution-diffusive mechanism of processes of contact interaction. The primary dissolution of crystalline phases of alloys-fillers was established, which leads to penetration of molten bonds inside the filler along the boundaries of crystals of the quasi-crystalline phase. The increase in intensity of processes of dissolution of filler crystalline phases in use for surfacing of Cu-based bonds results in their complete recrystallization in the process of cooling at retaining not-dissolved inclusions of quasi-crystalline phase in the structure of composite layers. To produce the surfaced layers operating under the conditions of dry friction, the composite material based on tin bronze Br.Ots 10-2 armored by the Al-Co-Ni alloy-filler was recommended. The composite material with bond of brass L62 and alloy-filler Al-Co-Cu has the maximum resistance in oxide media. 11 Ref., 1 Table, 4 Figures.
Keywords: composite layer, furnace surfacing, quasi-crystalline phase, interphase interaction, dissolution, corrosion resistance in oxide media, tribotechnical properties
Received:                30.09.13
Published:               28.01.14
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