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2015 №07 (03) DOI of Article
2015 №07 (05)

The Paton Welding Journal 2015 #07
TPWJ, 2015, #7, 22-25 pages
Thermodynamics of formation of chromium compounds in welding aerosols
Journal                    The Paton Welding Journal
Publisher                 International Association «Welding»
ISSN                       0957-798X (print)
Issue                       № 7, 2015 (July)
Pages                      22-25
O.G. Levchenko And O.N. Bezushko
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute, NASU. 11 Bozhenko Str., 03680, Kiev, Ukraine. E-mail: office@paton.kiev.ua
Thermodynamic investigations of probability of formation of toxic chromium compounds in the composition of aerosols formed during arc welding of high-alloy steels using coated electrodes were carried out. The probability of proceeding of chemical reactions, resulting in formation of toxic chromium compounds in welding aerosols, was determined. It is shown that in the zone of welding arc in the temperature range from 1100 to 3000 K, the formation of hexavalent chromium oxide is low probable. The calculations established that adding of titanium, silicon, manganese and aluminum into the composition of welding electrodes prevents formation of CrO3. 9 Ref., 1 Table, 3 Figures.
Keywords: welding aerosols, harmful substances, thermodynamics, probability, chemical reactions, hexavalent chromium
Received:                18.03.15
Published:               13.10.15
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