2016 №06 (23) DOI of Article
2016 №06 (25)

The Paton Welding Journal 2016 #06
The Paton Welding Journal, 2016, #5-6, 137-142 pages

Additive manufacturing of metal products (Review)

V.V. Zhukov, G.M. Grigorenko and V.A. Shapovalov

E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute, NASU 11 Kazimir Malevich Str., 03680, Kiev, Ukraine. E-mail:

Different characteristics of methods of additive manufacturing of metal products were considered. The prospects of technologies using metal wire as a consumable material were noted. The current state of research works in the field of additive manufacturing of layer-by-layer electric arc volumetric surfacing was shown. 20 Ref., 3 Tables, 10 Figures.

Keywords: additive manufacturing, prototyping, shape formation and structure control, laser surfacing using consumable wire, freeform fabrication using electron beam, electric arc volumetric layer-by-layer surfacing

Received:                18.04.16
Published:               19.07.16


  1. Wong, K.V., Hernandez, A. (2012) A review of additive manufacturing. Scholarly Res. Network Mechanical Eng.;
  2. Rizwan, Ali P.M., Hara Theja, C.R., Syed Mahammad Syed Sheb et al. (2015) Review on diverse materials applied for additive manufacturing. J. Res. in Applied Sci. & Eng. Techn., Vol. 3, Issue VII, 16–20;
  3. Wohlers, T., Gornet, T. (2014) History of additive manufacturing: Wohlers Report.
  4. Guessasma, S., Zhang, W., Zhu, J. et al. (2016) Challenges of additive manufacturing technologies from an optimisation perspective. J. Simulation and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization, 6;
  5. (2015) Quadrennial Technology Review.
  6. Ding, D., Pan, Z., Cuiuri, D. et al. (2015) Wire-feed additive manufacturing of metal components: technologies, developments and future interests. J. Advanced Manufac. Techn., 81(1–4), 465–481;
  7. Williams, S.W., Martina, F., Addison, A.C. et. al. (2015) Wire + arc additive manufacturing. Sci. and Techn.;
  8. Frazier, W.E. (2014) Metal additive manufacturing: a J. Mater. Eng. and Perform., 23(6), 1917–1928;
  9. Simchi, A., Petzoldt, F., Pohl, H. (2003) On the development of direct metal laser sintering for rapid tooling. Materials Proc. Techn., 141, 319–328;
  10. Kruth, J.P., Mercelis, P., van Vaerenbergh, J. (2004) Binding mechanisms in selective laser sintering and selective laser melting. In: of Solid Freeform Fabrication Symp. (Austin, USA), 44–59;
  11. Pal, D., Patil, N., Stucker, B.E. (2012) Prediction of mechanical properties of electron beam melted Ti6Al4V parts using dislocation density based crystal plasticity framework. In: of Solid Freeform Fabrication Symp. (Austin, USA), 37–43;
  12. Michaels, S., Sachs, E.M., Cima, M.J. (1992) Metal parts generation by three dimensional printing. In: of Solid Freeform Fabrication Symp. (Austin, USA), 244–250;
  13. Atwood, C., Griffith, M., Harwell, L. et. al. (1998) Laser engineered net shaping (LENS™): A tool for direct fabrication of metal parts. In: of 17th Int. ALEO Congress (Orlando, USA), 16–19;
  14. Brandla, E., Baufeldb, B., Leyensc, C. et al. (2010) Additive manufactured Ti–6Al–4V using welding wire: Comparison of laser and arc beam deposition and evaluation with respect to aerospace material specifications. Laser Assisted Net Shape Eng., Vol. 5, Pt B, 595–606;
  15. Dave, V.R., Matz, J.E., Eagar, T.W. (1995) Electron beam solid freeform fabrication of metal parts. In: of Solid Freeform Fabrication Symp. (Austin, USA), 64–70;
  16. Jandric, Z., Labudovic, M., Kovacevic, R. (2004) Effect of heat sink on microstructure of three dimensional parts built by welding-based deposition. J. Machine Tools and Manufac., 44(7/8), 785–796; %20of %20heat %20sink %20 on %20microstructure %20of %20three-dimensional.ashx
  17. Friel, R.J., Harris, R.A. (2013) Ultrasonic additive manufacturing — a hybrid production process for novel functional products. In: of 7th CIRP Conf. on Electro Physical and Chemical Machining, Vol. 6, 35–40;
  18. Dickens, P.M., Pridham, M.S., Cobb, R.C. et al. (1992) Rapid prototyping using 3-D welding. In: of Solid Freeform Fabrication Symp. (Austin, USA), 280–290;
  19. Skiba, T., Baufeld, B., van der Biest, O. (2009) Microstructure and mechanical properties of stainless steel component manufactured by shaped metal deposition. ISIJ Int., 49(10), 1588–1591;
  20. Shapovalov, V.A. (2015) Control of metal structure in process of solidification. Elektrometallurgiya, 2, 51–54.