2021 №12 (03) DOI of Article
2021 №12 (05)

The Paton Welding Journal 2021 #12
The Paton Welding Journal, 2021, #12, 24-28 pages

Stability of the process of electroslag welding with bifilar power circuit without equalizing wire

Yu.M. Lankin, V.G. Soloviov, V.G. Tyukalov, I.Yu. Romanova

E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail:

Electroslag welding (ESW) by wire electrodes with bifilar circuit of power connection without equalizing wire is not applied now. There is reason to believe that bifilar ESW without the equalizing wire has certain advantages over bifilar electroslag remelting (ESR) without equalizing wire. Therefore, additional studies of the process of bifilar ESW without equalizing wire are required. Investigations were performed and the range of parameters of a stable process of ESW with bifilar power circuit without equalizing wire was determined, using a mathematical experiment. The causes for process unbalance can be temporary violation of the feed rate of one of the electrodes, local change of electrode cross-section, asymmetrical arrangement of the electrodes in the slag pool, etc. The notion of “resistance to external factors (REI) was introduced. It was proposed to use as the measure of resistance, the maximum value of REI parameter, above which the process goes into an unstable mode. REI nomogram was obtained, depending on welding voltage and electrode feed rate, which allows selection of the mode of bifilar ESW with the highest resistance to external disturbances. A mathematical model was used to show that the process of bifilar ESW without equalizing wire can run in a stable manner in a certain zone of values of the technological mode parameters.
Keywords: electroslag welding, bifilar circuit, slag pool, metal pool, electric conductivity

Received: 13.10.2021
Accepted: 24.12.2021


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