2023 №02 (05) DOI of Article
2023 №02 (07)

The Paton Welding Journal 2023 #02
The Paton Welding Journal, 2023, #2, 41-45 pages

Influence of external longitudinal magnetic field on formation of ESM ingot surface

V.B. Porokhonko, I.V. Protokovilov, D.A. Petrov

E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail:

The influence of constant and pulsed longitudinal magnetic fields with induction В = 0.16…0.30 T on the quality of outer surfaces of titanium ingots of 85 mm diameter, produced by ESM process, was studied. It is shown that alongside the positive effects of magnetic field action, manifested in increase of ESM process efficiency, improvement of chemical homogeneity of the ingots, and refinement of their crystalline structure, application of magnetic fields leads to deterioration of the quality of formation of the ingot side surface. Here, the degree of surface deterioration depends on magnetic field induction and duration of its pulses. It is found that application of pulsed magnetic fields to leads to deterioration of the ingot surfaces to a smaller extent than application of constant magnetic fields. Described are the mechanisms which negatively affect the quality of ingot surface formation under the impact of the longitudinal magnetic field. They consist in removal and solidification of electrode drops near the mould walls and periodical change of the skull crust thickness as a result of the slag and metal pool melt vibration. Ref. 8, Fig. 5.
Keywords: electroslag remelting; longitudinal magnetic field; pulsed field; ingot; surface; titanium

Received: 29.09.2022
Accepted: 30.03.2023


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