2023 №11 (07) DOI of Article
2023 №11 (02)

The Paton Welding Journal 2023 #11
The Paton Welding Journal, 2023, #11, 3-20 pages

Plasma-arc technologies of additive surfacing (3D printing) of spatial metal products: application experience and new opportunities

V.M. Korzhyk1, А.А. Grynyuk1, V.Yu. Khaskin1, O.M. Voytenko1, О.M. Burlachenko1, О.О. Khuan3

1E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine. 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail:
2E.O. Paton Institute of Materials Science and Welding, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”. 37 Beresteiska Ave., Kyiv, 03056, Ukraine.
3Paton Research Institute of Welding Technologies in Zhejiang Province: People’s Republic of China, Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou City, Xiaoshan District, St. Shixing Beilu 857, office. 426.

The growing relevance of 3D printing of finished metal products in recent years is due to the reduction of costs for manufacturing, machining, changing the standard sizes and nomenclature of parts, the possibility of obtaining solid parts with complex internal geometry. One of the most promising 3D printing processes, which provides a wide range of productivity (0.02 - 25 kg/h and more) with the possibility of surfacing a wall with a thickness of 2-20 mm, is additive plasma-arc surfacing (APDN) with wires and powder materials. The work examines the current state of research on additive manufacturing of metal parts from steels and alloys, determines the state and prospects for the development of APDN. It is shown that APDN allows performing 3D printing using a wide range of implant materials, in particular, compact and composite (powder) wires, powders of light alloys and refractory metals, composite powders and mechanical mixtures of powders of alloys, metal ceramics, carbides, borides, etc. New opportunities for the application of APDN include development of technologies for growing products from materials with gradient functional properties, from dissimilar materials, with accompanying modification of the deposited metal by additional processing, improving the properties of the deposited metal due to the use of hybrid processes. The state of innovative developments of APDN technologies and equipment carried out at the E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, and their industrial implementation is highlighted. 32 Ref., 5 Tabl., 22 Fig.
Keywords: additive manufacturing, 3D printing, plasma arc surfacing, steel, nickel, aluminum, titanium alloys, structure, mechanical properties, gradient functional properties, equipment.

Received: 26.10.2023
Accepted: 07.12.2023


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