2024 №01 (08) DOI of Article
2024 №01 (02)

The Paton Welding Journal 2024 #01
The Paton Welding Journal, 2024, #1, 3-12 pages

Influence of cooling rate on microstructure and phase composition of HAZ of duplex (DSS) 2205 STEEL in wet underwater welding

S.Yu. Maksymov1, G.V. Fadeeva1, Jia Chuanbao2, V.A. Kostin1, A.A. Radzievskaya1, D.V. Vasilyev1

1E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail:
2Institute of Materials Joining, Shandong University 17923 Jingshi Road, Jinan 250061, China

The article shows the results of the analysis of changes in the microstructure and volumetric particles of phase components of HAZ metal in modelling with the use of the Gleble-3800 device of welding thermal cycles, which are inherent in wet underwater welding and welding in air. The value of cooling rate of different areas of weld metal in wet underwater welding and welding in air was determined. It is shown that as a result of cooling impact of water environment, the cooling rate in wet underwater welding is almost by an order higher than that of welding in air (W13/8 = 8.21 ºС/с – air, in the middle of the weld, and in wet underwater welding it is accordingly W13/8 = 81.70 ºС/с in the middle of the weld, W13/8 = 165.85 ºС/с at the beginning of the weld and W13/8 = 320,51 ºС/с in the weld crater). The change in volumetric particles of phase components of ferrite, austenite and excess phases (chromium Cr2N nitride) was determined in the microstructure of HAZ metal depending on the cooling rate. Phase transformations almost completely occur in the high-temperature heat-affected-zone (HHAZ) in the temperature range T = 1300…800 ºС. Contribution of low-temperature heat-affected-zone (LHAZ), temperature range T = 800…500 °C on the change in phase components is negligible. The amount of ferritic and austenitic components and especially the morphology of austenite in the microstructure of HHAZ depend on the cooling rate, as well as the amount of precipitation of excess phases (probably chromium Cr2N nitrides). Ref. 13, Tabl. 5, Fig. 8.
Keywords: duplex steels, wet underwater welding, input energy, cooling rate, phase composition, austenite, ferrite, microstructure in HAZ, HAZ modelling, thermal welding cycle, Gleeble

Received: 06.09.2023
Received in revised form: 13.10.2023
Accepted: 16.01.2024


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