2009 №01 (09) 2009 №01 (11)

TPWJ, 2009, #1, 37-41 pages


Journal                    The Paton Welding Journal
Publisher                 International Association «Welding»
ISSN                       0957-798X (print)
Issue                       № 1, 2009 (January)
Pages                      37-41
Priazovsky State Technical University, Mariupol, Ukraine
The history of development of the technologies based on the interrelated simultaneous action of two heat energy sources is considered. It is suggested that the combined and hybrid processes should be discriminated. The combined processes involve the action of several sources, which are either identical or of the same type, whereas with the hybrid processes the use is made of the sources differing in their physical characteristics, which impart new technological properties to a process.
Keywords: fusion welding, cladding, arc welding, plasma welding, laser welding, combined welding, hybrid welding, history of technology
Received:                12.06.08
Published:               28.01.09
1. Messler, R.V. (2004) What's next for hybrid welding? Welding J., 3, 30-34.
2. Essers, W.G. (1980) Plasma-MIG lassem van aiuminium. Lastechnik, 8, 187-193.
3. (1999) Welding and related processes. Terms and definitions. Kyiv: Derzhstandart.
4. Prokhorov, A.M. (1971) Hybrid. In: B.S. Encyclopedia, Vol. 6, 453.
5. Paton, B.E. (1952) Achievements and tasks in the field of submerged-arc welding. Avtomatich. Svarka, 5, 18-19.
6. Paton, B.E., Mandelberg, S.L., Lashkevich, R.I. et al. (1960) About selection of scheme for production of large-diameter longitudinal welded pipes. Ibid., 7, 3-14.
7. Uttrachi, G.D. (1983) Multiple electrode systems for submerged arc welding: Pt 1. Can. Weld. and Fabr., 8.
8. Walduck, R.P., Biffin, J. (1994) Plasma arc augmented laser welding. Welding and Metal Fabr., 4, 172-176.
9. (1972) Plasma-MIG. En ny interessant svetsmetod. Verkstadsinformation, 12, 365-367.
10. Benardos, N.N. (1982) Scientific-technical inventions and projects. Kiev: Naukova Dumka.
11. Thomson, E. (1887) Electric welding. J. Franklin Institute, 123(737), 245-247.
12. Munter, H. (1933) Der Einfluss von Schweiss- und Schutzgasflammen auf die Vorgange im Schweisslichtbogen. Elektroschweissung, 7, 80-84.
13. Nikitin, V.P. (1956) Search for new methods based on the principle of separate control to increase productivity and quality of welding. In: Problems of arc and resistance electric welding. Kiev: Mashgiz.
14. Nikitin, V.P. (1947) Method of welding of metals using different fusion processes. Doklady AN SSSR, LVI(5), 45-57.
15. Lebedev, V.K., Dudko, D.A., Medvedenko, N.F. et al. Shielded-gas fusion arc welding method. USSR author's cert. 501850. Int. Cl. B 23 K 9/16. Appl. 14.08.72. Publ. 05.02.70.
16. Dudko, D.A., Lakiza, S.P. (1960) About new possibilities of high-temperature welding with the arc constricted by gas flow. Avtomatich. Svarka, 11, 38-46.
17. Dudko, D.A., Kornienko, A.N., Esibyan, E.M. (1970) Method of plasma-arc welding. USSR author's cert. 294422. Int. Cl. B 23 K 17/00.
18. Vajnbojm, D.I., Brokhun, N.N., Ratmanova, Zh.V. (1976) Automatic thin-layer CO2 cladding of steel by combined method (with consumable and non-consumable electrode). Svarochn. Proizvodstvo, 8, 23-24.
19. Kaika, V.I., Rabkin, D.M. (1984) Combined process of argon-arc non-consumable and consumable electrode welding of aluminium. Avtomatich. Svarka, 5, 72-73.
20. Petrovanov, V.M., Bobrinsky, V.I., Tenebaum, F.E. et al. (1985) Peculiarities of the technology for welding largesized structures from heat-hardened aluminium alloy 1201. In: Paper coll. of All-Union Conf. on Current Problems of Welding of Non-Ferrous Metals. Kiev: Naukova Dumka.
21. Miklos, E. (2001) Aktuelle Prozessvarianten des MAS-HLschweissens. Aachen Shaker, 1, 389-405.
22. Areskonq, M., Smarst, E. (1976) Application of the gasmetal - plasma-arc process for weld cladding in nuclear manufacturing. Welding and Metal Fabr., 4, 274-277.
23. Makarenko, N.A. (1998) Plasma surfacing with axial feed of flux-cored wire. Avtomatich. Svarka, 12, 52-53.
24. Kornienko, A.N., Makarenko, N.A., Granovsky, A.V. (2001) Study of stabilising properties of the halogen type flux-cored wire charge for MIG-plasma processes. In: Proc. of Int. Conf. on Welding Consumables (18-20 June 2001, Oryol), 74-75.
25. Chygariov, V.V., Kornienko, O.M., Makarenko, N.O. et al. Unit for plasma welding and surfacing. Pat. 48383 Ukraine. Int. Cl. B 23 K 9/16. Appl. 28.05.01. Publ. 15.08.02.
26. Bozhenko, B.L., Ronsky, V.L. (1984) Technology of plasma-arc consumable electrode welding in argon atmosphere. Svarochn. Proizvodstvo, 6, 17-18.
27. (1984) En visite a la soudure autogene francaise. Souder, 3, 76-78.
28. Voropaj, N.M., Ilyushenko, V.M., Mishenkov, V.A. (2004) Combined process of spot plasma-arc welding. Svarshchik, 4, 26-27.
29. Dudko, D.A., Kornienko, A.N., Vinogradsky, F.M. Method for plasma welding and cutting of metals. USSR author's cert. 237568. Int. Cl. B 23 K 35/02. Appl. 17.06.67. Publ. 19.04.68.
30. Steen, W.M., Eboo, M. (1979) Arc augmented laser welding. Metal Construction, 7, 332-335.
31. Zhang, Y.M., Zhang, S.B. (1999) Welding aluminium alloy 6061 with the opposing dual-torch GTAW process. Welding J., 6, 202-206.
32. Khaskin, V.Yu. (2003) Combined laser-arc processes. Svarshchik, 3, 18-19.
33. Steen, W.M. Methods and apparatus for cutting, welding, drilling and surface treating. Pat. 1547172 Great Britain. Int. Cl. B 23 K 26/00. Publ. 06.06.79.
34. Diebold, T.P., Albriqht, C.E. (1984) Laser-GTA welding of aluminium alloy 5052. Welding J., 63(6), 18-24.
35. Gorny, S.G., Lopota, V.A., Redozubov, V.D. et al. (1989) Peculiarities of heating of metal in laser-arc welding. Avtomatich. Svarka, 1, 73-74.
36. Walduck, R.P., Biffin, J. (1994) Plasma arc augmented laser welding. Welding and Metal Fabr., 62(4), 172-176.
37. Paton, B.E. (1995) Improvement of welding methods – one of the ways to increase welded structure quality and efficiency. Avtomatich. Svarka, 11, 3-11.
38. Krivtsun, I.V., Chizhenko, M.I. (1997) Bases for design of laser-arc plasmatrons. Ibid., 1, 16-23.
39. Paton, B.E., Gvozdetsky, V.S., Krivtsun, I.V. et al. (2002) Hybrid laser-microplasma welding of thin sections of metals. The Paton Welding J., 3, 2-6.
40. Krivtsun, I.V., Shelyagin, V.D., Khaskin, V.Yu. et al. (2007) Hybrid laser-plasma welding of aluminium alloys. Ibid., 5, 36-40.
41. Paton, B.E. (2003) Current trends in research and development in the field of welding and strength of structures. Ibid., 10/11, 5-11.
42. (2001) Welding and joining technologies in the 21st century. J. JWS, 70(3), 6-11.
43. Gvozdetsky, V.S., Krivtsun, I.V., Chizhenko, M.I. (1991) Interaction of laser beam with electric arc plasma. In: Proc. of 8th All-Union Conf. on Physics of High-Temperature Plasma (Minsk), Pt III.
44. Voropaj, N.M., Ilyushenko, V.M., Khaskin, V.Yu. (2006) Selection of shielding gas for hybrid process of laser-arc welding. Svarshchik, 4, 20-22.
45. Krivtsun, I.V., Shelyagin, V.D., Khaskin, V.Yu. et al. (2007) Hybrid laser-plasma welding of aluminium alloys. The Paton Welding J., 5, 36-40.