2012 №02 (06) 2012 №02 (08)

The Paton Welding Journal 2012 #02
The Paton Welding Journal, 2012, #2, 33-35 pages  



E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute, NASU, Kiev, Ukraine
USSR priority in development of agglomerated (ceramic) fluxes is noted. Stages of development of investigations on their improvement and widening of their application areas are described.
Keywords: submerged-arc welding, agglomerated fluxes, development priority, investigation stages
Received:                24.11.11
Published:               28.02.12
1. Khrenov, K.K. (1951) Ceramic non-fused flux for automatic welding. In: Coll. dedicated to 80th anniversary of E.O. Paton. Kiev: AN Ukr. SSR.
2. Nazarov, S.T., Chistyakov, A.N. (1939) Automatic arc welding with feed of granulated flux in arc. Avtogennoe Delo, 4, 27-30.
3. Khrenov, K.K., Yarkho, V.I. (1940) Technology of electric arc welding. Moscow: Mashgiz.
4. Khrenov, K.K., Kushnerev, D.M. (1951) Ceramic non-fused fluxes for automatic welding. Avtogennoe Delo, 6, 1-4.
5. Pidgaetsky, V.V. (1970) Pores, inclusions and cracks in welds. Processes of formation and methods of prevention. Kyiv: Tekhnika.
6. Kosmachev, I.G. (1952) Automatic surfacing of multiblade tool. Moscow, Leningrad: Mashgiz.
7. Khrenov, K.K., Kushnerev, D.M. (1953) Ceramic non-fused fluxes for automatic welding. In: New methods of welding and cutting of metals. Kiev: Gostekhizdat Ukr. SSR.
8. Khrenov, K.K., Kushnerev, D.M. (1954) Ceramic fluxes for automatic arc welding. Kiev: Gostekhizdat Ukr. SSR.
9. Bagryansky, K.V. (1955) Automatic surfacing of mill rolls. In: Abstr. of Sci.-Techn. Conf. of Welders. Moscow: Mashgiz.
10. (1948) Automatic submerged-arc welding. Ed. by V.V. Shevernitsky, B.I. Medovar. Kiev, Moscow: Mashgiz.
11. (1953) Automatic electric arc welding. Ed. by E.O. Paton. Kiev, Moscow: Mashgiz.
12. Frumin, I.I. (1961) Automatic electric arc surfacing. Kharkov: Metallurgizdat.
13. Kushnerev, D.M. (1959) About resistance of welds to formation of pores induced by rust in submerged-arc welding with ceramic flux. Avtomatich. Svarka, 4, 25-27.
14. Khrenov, K.K., Gapchenko, M.M., Kushnerev, D.M. (1958) Automatic welding of cold-resistant steel 12N3 with ceramic flux. Ibid., 12, 19-22.
15. Khrenov, K.K. et al. (1959) Specifics of weld modification with titanium in automatic welding of medium-carbon steel. Svarochn. Proizvodstvo, 6, 26-28.
16. Kushnerev, D.M., Grebelnik, M.P. (1960) Ceramic flux for automatic welding of stainless steel of 1Kh18N9T grade. Ibid., 5, 34-36.
17. Dyatlov, V.I. (1951) Specifics of metallurgical processes in submerged-arc welding. In: Coll. dedicated to 80th anniversary of E.O. Paton. Kiev: AN Ukr. SSR.
18. Khrenov, K.K., Kushnerev, D.M. (1961) Ceramic fluxes for automatic arc welding and surfacing. Kiev: Gostekhizdat Ukr.SSR.
19. Lyubavsky, K.V., Lvova, E.P. (1958) New fluxes for arc welding. Svarochn. Proizvodstvo, 10.
20. Bagryansky, K.V. (1955) Automatic surfacing of steel rolls with ceramic flux. Ibid., 5, 37-41.
21. Podgaetsky, V.V. (1963) Reaction of hydrogen oxidation in arc atmosphere. Avtomatich. Svarka, 9, 7-13.
22. Kushnerev, D.M., Golovko, V.V., Patrov, B.V. (1976) Effect of surface properties of contact phase on transfer of alloying elements from ceramic flux to deposited metal. Ibid., 2, 20-23.
23. Kushnerev, D.M., Svetsinsky, V.G. (1963) Investigation of automatic welding of high-strength cast iron with ceramic flux. Ibid., 9, 53-61.
24. Kushnerev, D.M., Svetsinsky, V.G., Lapchenko, V.A. (1971) Industrial production of ceramic fluxes. Ibid., 4, 66-69.
25. Kazakov, L.N., Dontsov, V.M., Shulepov, V.S. et al. (1984) Mechanical properties of welded joints of 09G2S steel made with ceramic flux ANK-47. Ibid., 3, 38-40.
26. Golovko, V.V., Grebenchuk, V.G. (1991) Weldability of 14KhGNDTs steel in different flux-wire combinations. Svarochn. Proizvodstvo, 5, 13-15.
27. Pokhodnya, I.K., Golovko, V.V., Kushnerev, D.M. et al. (1990) Estimation of oxidizing ability of ceramic fluxes. Avtomatich. Svarka, 2, 45-48.
28. Pokhodnya, I.K., Golovko, V.V., Denisenko, A.V. et al. (1999) Effect of oxygen on formation of acicular ferrite structure in low-alloy weld metal. Ibid., 2, 3-10.
29. Pokhodnya, I.K., Kushnerev, D.M., Ustinov, S.D. et al. (1987) Results of comparative tests of fused and ceramic fluxes applied in welding of 12KhN2MDF steel. Ibid., 11, 61-64.
30. Golovko, V.V. (2003) Application of agglomerated fluxes for welding of low-alloy steels (Review). The Paton Welding J., 6, 25-28.
31. Ogibayashi, S. (1994) Advances in technology of oxide metallurgy. Nippon Steel Techn. Rept., 61(4), 70-76.
32. Ma, Z.T., Janke, D. (1998) Oxide metallurgy Е its purposes and practical approaches. Acta Met. Sinica, 11(2), 79-86.
33. Golovko, V.V. (2004) Modelling of composition of nonmetallic inclusions in weld metal of high-strength low-alloy steels. Avtomatich. Svarka, 5, 3-7.
34. Golovko, V.V., Galinich, V.I., Goncharov, I.A. et al. (2008) Agglomerated fluxes - new products of OJSC «Zaporozhstekloflyus». The Paton Welding J., 10, 36-39.