2020 №12 (07) DOI of Article
2020 №12 (02)

The Paton Welding Journal 2020 #12
The Paton Welding Journal, 2020, #12, 2-14 pages

Impact of technological parameters of arc deposition of an anticorrosion layer in the vessel of WWER-1000 reactor on residual stress distribution

O.V. Makhnenko and O.S. Kostenevych

E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail:

Substantiation of extension of safe operating life of the vessels of WWER-1000 reactors in service requires taking into account the residual stresses, arising during fabrication as a result of heating at welding or surfacing heating and their redistribution after heat treatment. Automatic submerged-arc surfacing with strip electrodes was used for the cylindrical part of the vessels, and manual coated electrode arc surfacing was applied for the nozzle zone surface (internal surface of nozzles Dn850 and their fillets), as well as other difficult-of-access places of the vessel. The process and parameters of the mode of anticorrosion arc surfacing can markedly influence the microstructural phase composition of the HAZ of base material, 15Kh2NMFA vessel steel, as well as residual stress distribution. Mathematical modeling was used for prediction of microstructural phase transformations in the HAZ, at deposition of the protective anticorrosion layer, based on experimental welding thermokinetic diagram of austenite decomposition of 15Kh2NMFA steel, and distribution of residual stresses in WWER-1000 reactor vessel was derived, allowing for microstructural transformations at different technological modes of arc surfacing. Comparison of the results on residual stress distribution after deposition and heat treatment at different technological modes showed the presence of the zone of compressive stresses, which arise in the HAZ of 15Kh2NMFA steel, as a result of martensite-bainite transformation. 24 Ref., 6 Tables, 15 Figures.
Keywords: reactor vessel, WWER-1000, anticorrosion arc surfacing, heat-treatment, residual stresses, microstructural phase transformations, mathematical modeling, thermokinetic diagram, 15Kh2NMFA steel

Received 02.11.2020


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