2021 №03 (01) DOI of Article
2021 №03 (03)

The Paton Welding Journal 2021 #03
The Paton Welding Journal, 2021, #3, 9-15 pages

Mathematical modeling of residual stresses in WWER-1000 elements after heat treatment

O.V. Makhnenko1, S.M. Kandala1, N.R. Basystyuk1 and M.V. Cherkashin2

1E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail:
2«UKRTNIITMASh» Company, 7a Vasylenka Str., 03124, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail:

Determination of residual life and extension of safe operating life of WWER-1000 internals for a term of up to 60 years beyond the design period is an important scientific and engineering objective for nuclear power industry of Ukraine. During long-term operation the reactor internal elements: reflection shield and cavity are exposed to intensive impact of damaging radiation dose that causes the processes of radiation embrittlement, swelling and creep in the material (08Kh18N10T austenitic steel). Technological residual stresses after welding and subsequent heat treatment should be taken into account at calculation-based substantiation of the safe operating life of reactor internal elements. In the work, mathematical modeling was used to derive residual stress distributions in the volume of the reflection shield and internal cavity after electroslag welding and their redistribution fields after the technological process of postweld heat treatment by the austenitizing mode. It is determined that the residual welding stresses are largely relaxed during austenitizing. In the reflection shield, however, which is of complex geometry with variable wall thickness and cooling channels, high residual stresses develop, due to occurrence of a significant temperature gradient at cooling during austenitizing. These stresses should be taken into account at determination of the residual life of WWER-1000 reactor internals. 8 Ref., 8 Figures.
Keywords: WWER-1000, reactor internals, reflection shield, internal cavity, electroslag welding, heat treatment, austenitizing, residual stresses

Received 01.03.2021


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