TPWJ, 2021, #5, 51-56 pages
Pulse-plasma modification of surface of steel hot drawing dies of titanium alloy products
Yu. M. Tyurin1, O.V. Kolisnichenko1, V.M. Korzhyk1, I.D. Gos1, O.V. Ganushchak1, Jin Ying2 and Zhong Fengping2
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine
11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Zhejiang Academy of Special Equipment Science
310016, Jianggan District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 211, Kaixuan Road. E-mail: email@example.com
The technology of pulse-plasma modification of the working surface of the die of 4Kh5MF1S tool steel (analogues
are X40CrMoV5-1 in the EU and 4Cr5MoSiV1 in China) was considered. The mentioned tool is used for stamping
billets of titanium VT6 alloy (wt.%: Al — 3.0‒6.8; V — 3.5‒5.0; Ti — base), which is performed at temperatures of
up to 700 °С. The die surface is heated, which leads to its oxidation and diffusion redistribution of alloying elements.
Pulse-plasma stamping leads to the formation of elastic-plastic deformations of the surface layer in a tool steel, which in
combination with pulsed thermal and electromagnetic effects provides a refinement of the alloy structure and intensifies
the diffusion mechanisms of alloying elements. The studies showed that the modified layer (over 80 μm thickness) in
4Kh5MF1S steel, formed in the process of pulse-plasma treatment, contains up to 2.5 % carbon, up to 12 % oxygen and
up to 3 % tungsten. In the mentioned layer the presence of nanocrystalline structures with a size of less than 100 nm
was revealed. The hardness of the modified layer is more than 700 HV0.025. The surface roughness after pulse-plasma
treatment did not change. Experience of industrial use of this technology showed that modification of a surface of the
die from 4Kh5MF1S steel provided its high serviceability at a deep drawing of products from the heated (to 700 °C)
sheet of VT-6 titanium of 3 mm thickness. 11 Ref., 1 Table, 6 Figures.
plasma treatment, alloying, tool steels, die, titanium deformation, structuring, wear resistance, serviceability
1. Gusev, A.I. (2009) Nanomaterials, nanostructures, nanotechnologies. 2nd Ed. Moscow, FIZMATLIT [in Russian].
2. Tyurin, Yu.N., Zhadkevich, M.L. (2008) Plasma hardening technologies. Kiev, Naukova Dumka [in Russian].
3. Tyurin, Yu.N., Kolisnichenko, O.V. (2009) Plasma-detonation technology for modification of the surface layer of metal parts. The Open Surface Sci. J., 1, 13-19. https://doi.org/10.2174/1876531900901010013
4. Lyakhovich, L.S., Voroshnin, L.G.,Panich, G.G., Shcherbakov, E.D. (1974) Multicomponent diffusion coatings. Minsk, Nauka i Tekhnika [in Russian].
5. Ershov, G.S., Poznyak, L.A. (1993) Structure formation and formation of properties of steels and alloys. Kiev, Naukova Dumka [in Russian].
6. Abboud, J., Benyounis. K., Olabi, A. (2007) Laser surface treatments of iron-based substrates for automotive application. J. Mater. Proc. Technology, 182, 427-431. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2006.08.026
7. Cherenda, N.N., Uglov. V.V., Anishchik. V.M. et al. (2005) Structure-phase transformations in high-speed steel treated by compression plasma flow. Vacuum, 78, 483-487. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2005.01.073
8. Rott, M., Raif, M., Igenbergs, E. (2006) Surface modification processes by hypervelocity plasma pulses. Int. J. of Impact Engineering, 33, 691-702. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2006.09.035
9. Shmelev, V., Podoynitsyn, S., Vasilik, N. (2006) Application of the ballistic plasmatron of superadiabatic compression for surface treatment. Surface & Coatings Technology, 200, 4939-4946. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2005.05.014
10. Tyurin, Yu.N., Kolisnichenko, O.V., Tsygankov, N.G. (2001) Pulse-plasma hardening of tools. The Paton Welding J., 1, 38-44.
11. Korzyk, V., Changgen, Feng, Tyurin, Y. et al. (2020) Pulse-plasma technologies of modification and increasing durability of metal working tool. In: The 394th Young Scientists Forum of China Association for Science and Technology, 325-339.
Advertising in this issue: