2023 №09 (05) DOI of Article
2023 №09 (07)

The Paton Welding Journal 2023 #09
The Paton Welding Journal, 2023, #9, 38-42 pages

Diffusion welding of magnesium alloy МА2-1 through a zinc interlayer

Yu.V. Falchenko, L.V. Petrushynets, V.Ie. Fedorchuk, V.A. Kostin, O.L. Puzrin

E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine. 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail: office@paton.kiev

The paper gives the results of investigations on vacuum diffusion welding of МА2-1 magnesium alloy. Different technological measures were used in welding: unsupported welding, welding with application of forming matrices, welding without interlayers and with a zinc interlayer. It is found that it is not possible to produce the joint in unsupported welding without an interlayer at 400 °С temperature and process duration less than 60 min. Increase of welding temperature or time leads to considerable grain growth. Application of 250 ~m zinc interlayer and of the following welding mode: Т = 320 ºС, Р = 10 MPa, t = 30 min allows producing the joint. Analysis of chemical composition in different areas of the joint zone shows that development of diffusion processes in the butt during welding results in pore formation with magnesium content on the level of 17.8 – 20.12 wt. % in the zinc interlayer at 2 – 3 ~m distance from magnesium/zinc contact line. In the central part of the joint zone the metal chemical composition is close to pure zinc composition. Application of forming matrices and an interlayer of zinc in the solid-liquid state in welding in the following mode: Т = 340 ºС, Р = 10 MPa, t = 30 min. allows producing sound joints due to localisation of plastic deformation in the butt joint. Results of metallographic investigations showed formation in the butt joint of common grains and remains of the interlayer in the form of dispersed particles of 15…50 ~m size, with chemical composition of Mg–4.53Al–0.20Mn–63.49Zn, wt. %, having an irregular elongated shape.
Keywords: vacuum diffusion welding, magnesium alloy, interlayer, microstructure, microhardness

Received: 05.07.2023
Accepted: 09.10.2023


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