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2014 №09 (01) DOI of Article
10.15407/tpwj2014.09.02
2014 №09 (03)

The Paton Welding Journal 2014 #09
TPWJ, 2014, #9, 17-24 pages

 
SIMULATION OF ELECTRIC ARC WITH REFRACTORY CATHODE AND EVAPORATING ANODE
 
Journal                    The Paton Welding Journal
Publisher                 International Association «Welding»
ISSN                       0957-798X (print)
Issue                       № 9, 2014 (September)
Pages                       17-24
 
 
Authors
I.V. KRIKENT1, I.V. KRIVTSUN2 and V.F. DEMCHENKO2
1Dneprodzerzhinsk State Technical University. 2 Dneprostroevskaya Str., 51918, Dneprodzerzhinsk, Ukraine. E-mail: science@dstu.dp.ua
2E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute, NASU. 11 Bozhenko Str., 03680, Kiev, Ukraine. E-mail: office@paton.kiev.ua
 
 
Abstract
Equation of convective diffusion of ionized metal vapour in arc plasma, allowing for the difference in coefficients of diffusion of atoms, single- and double-charged metal ions, presence of thermodiffusion flows of metal particles, as well as ion drift in the electric field, was proposed to more precisely define the earlier developed complex model of the processes of energy, mass and charge transfer in the column and anode region of electric arc with refractory cathode and evaporating anode, running in inert gas. Based on the thus precised complex mathematical model, numerical analysis of the influence of diffusion-induced evaporation of anode material (Fe) on heat, gas-dynamic and electromagnetic characteristics of multicomponent plasma of the column and anode region of stationary electric arc with refractory cathode (W) at its running in inert gas (Ar) was performed. An essential influence of metal surface temperature distribution in the region of anode binding of the arc on distribution of temperature and electric current density in near-anode plasma, as well as on distributed and integral characteristics of its thermal impact on evaporating anode surface, is shown. 18 Ref., 12 Figures.
 
 
Keywords: electric arc, refractory cathode, evaporating anode, arc column, anode region, multicomponent plasma, metal vapour, diffusion, mathematical simulation
 
 
Received:                17.04.14
Published:                28.09.14
 
 
References
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