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2020 №09 (03) DOI of Article
2020 №09 (05)

The Paton Welding Journal 2020 #09
TPWJ, 2020, #9, 26-30 pages

Effect of local heat treatment on mechanical properties of welded joints of intermetallic of tial system produced by electron beam welding

L.M. Lobanov, E.A. Asnis, N.V. Piskun, E.L. Vrzhyzhevskyi And L.M. Radchenko
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail: office@paton.kiev.ua

Welded joints of intermetallic β-stabilized alloy TiAl–Ti–44Al–5Nb–3Cr–1.5Zr (at.%) were investigated. Intermetallic billets of 3 and 10 mm thickness were welded by electron beam welding. In order to prevent arising of cold cracks in welded joints of titanium aluminide specimens of different thickness, the following postweld local heat treatment using an electron beam was performed. The mentioned method of treatment is one of the most attractive to improve the structure of ingot and reduce the level of residual welding stresses, which, in its turn, significantly increases mechanical properties of the alloy. Static tensile tests were performed to evaluate the strength of welded joints. The specimens fractured throughout the base material. The paper presents histograms showing the values of tensile strength (σt) of welded joints produced during tensile tests for the specimens of different thickness with and without the use of local heat treatment (lHT). It is shown that the use of local heat treatment increases tensile strength of the specimens of 3 and 10 mm thickness, as compared to the specimens produced without lHT. In addition, the values of this index for welded joints of different thicknesses, which are produced using this technique, are quite uniform. Comparative analysis of the results of tensile tests and the results of microhardness studies was performed, which showed that fracture of the specimens took place in the zone of lowering mechanical properties. The nature of fractures of different parts of welded joint was studied, which confirmed that fracture occurs in the zone of brittle part of the specimen. It is known that mechanical properties of welded joint are closely related to its structural state. During local heat treatment, an additional β0 (B2) phase appears in the structure, which increases the ductility of the weld material, 14 Ref., 2 Tables, 9 Figures. Keywords: intermetallic alloy of TiAl system, electron beam welding, local heat treatment, mechanical tensile tests, tensile strength, structural state, microhardness

Received 29.07.2020


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