2021 №04 (03) 2021 №04 (05)

The Paton Welding Journal 2021 #04
TPWJ, 2021, #4, 20-24 pages

Investigation of heat treatment impact on the strength of Al–Ti bimetal honeycomb core

Iu.V. Falchenko, L.V. Petrushynets, V.Ye. Fedorchuk and Ye.V. Polovetskyi
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail: office@paton.kiev.ua

The effect of heat treatment on the strength of aluminium-titanium bimetal honeycomb structures is considered. Aluminium- titanium bimetal was produced by vacuum diffusion welding of strips of AD1 aluminium and VT1-0 titanium low alloys. The possibility of spot welding of bimetal strips 12 mm wide for producing the honeycomb core was studied with different combinations of titanium and aluminium layers. It is shown that the optimal variant is welding the strips in Al/Ti + Al/Ti combination. Here, the average compressive strength of the honeycombs is equal to 41.1 MPa. Annealing of bimetal honeycombs was performed at temperatures of 600 °С and 700 °С. Annealing time at 600 °С was 60‒1200 min, at 700 °С it was 10‒30 min. It is found that annealing for 60 min at 600 °С leads to formation of individual sites of an intermetallic interlayer up to 1 μm thick in the butt joint between the aluminium and titanium layers that results in increase of compressive strength of the honeycomb samples by 11.7 %, compared to the initial condition. Further increase of annealing time leads to growth of the intermetallic interlayer in the butt joint and to lowering of the compressive strength of the honeycomb samples. It is shown that the honeycomb samples after annealing for 60‒600 min at 600 °С at compression with the maximum deformation level of 50 % deform without fracture of the welding location or bimetal material walls. Increase of annealing time leads to embrittlement of both the welding locations, and the material as a whole. 9 Ref., 3 Tables, 7 Figures.
Keywords: aluminium, titanium, foil, bimetal joints, diffusion welding, annealing, intermetallic interlayer, compressive strength

Received 22.03.2021


1. Bitzer, T. (1997) Honeycomb technology. materisls, design, manufacturing, applications and testing. Springer-Science+ Business Media Dordrecht.
2. Panin, V.F., Gladkov, Yu.A. (1991) Structures with filler: Refer. Book. Moscow, Mashinostroenie [in Russian].
3. Bashurin, A.V., Mastikhin, E.Yu., Kolmykov, V.I. (2010) Diffusion welding of hollow bimetal panels. Zagotovit. Proizvodstvo v Mashinostroenii, 1, 13–15 [in Russian].
4. Falchenko, Ju.V., Petrushynets, L.V., Polovetskii, E.V. (2020) Peculiarities of producing Al–Ti bimetal sheet joints by the method of vacuum diffusion welding. The Paton Welding J., 8, 25–28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37434/tpwj2020.08.04.
5. Wadsworth, J., Lesuer, D.R. (2000) Ancient and modern laminated composites – from the Great Pyramid of Gizeh to Y2K. Materials Characterization, 4–5, 289–313. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1044-5803(00)00077-2.
6. Karpachev, D.G., Doronkin, E.D., Tsukerman, S.A. et al. (2001) Nonferrous metals and alloys: Refer. Book. Nizhny Novgorod, Venta-2 [in Russian].
7. Vasiliev, K.V., Vill, V.I., Volchenko, V.N. et al. (1978) Welding in mechanical engineering: Refer. Book. In: 4 Vol., Vol. 1. Moscow, Mashinostroenie [in Russian].
8. Seemann, R. (2020) A virtual testing approach for honeycomb sandwich panel joints in aircraft interior. Springer Vieweg.
9. Falchenko, Ju.V., Petrushynets, L.V., Polovetskii, E.V. (2020) Peculiarities of producing layered metal composite materials on aluminium base. The Paton Welding J., 4, 9–18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37434/tpwj2020.04.02.

Advertising in this issue: