Avtomaticheskaya Svarka (Automatic Welding), #9, 2021, pp. 43-54
Modelling of the process of induction heat treatment of welded joints from rail high-strength steels
R.S. Hubatyuk, S.V. Rymar, O.S. Prokofiev, V.A. Kostin, O.V. Didkovsky, E.V. Antipin
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute. 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150 Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The choice of technological parameters of heat treatment process, which provides the necessary structural and phase
transformations of rail welded joint, is a very expensive process that requires a large number of experiments with a significant
consumption of power, time, labor and financial resources. The article proposes the method of mathematical and physical
modeling of thermal processes to determine the optimal parameters of heat treatment of rail welded joint on model specimens
based on the theory of similarity, taking into account the interrelated properties and physical phenomena with the original study.
The decisions obtained during realization of this method provide a considerable reduction in resources at determination of
optimum modes of heating of products from high-strength carbon steels, in particular, rails. Based on the scale factors of criteria
of electromagnetic and thermal similarity, a mathematical model of the induction system for numerical calculation of propagation
of electromagnetic and thermal fields was developed. The finite element method was used, which represents a tool for combining
integral characteristics with the values of vector characteristics of the studied electromagnetic fields. The dependence of physical
properties of materials on temperature was taken into account. In the course of parametric study, the parameters and configuration
of the «inductor-product» system were determined and the space-time distribution of the temperature field in the process of heat
treatment modeling was determined. The obtained data of numerical calculation should be used during physical modeling of
the modes of heat treatment of the specimen and will significantly reduce the number of experiments to determine the effect of
thermal heating on phase transformations and mechanical properties of steel in the area of welded joint. 18 Ref., 2 Tabl., 9 Fig.
induction heating, heat treatment, welded joint of railway rails, mathematical modeling, similarity theory
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