SEM, 2019, #1, 11-16 pages
Journal Sovremennaya Elektrometallurgiya
Publisher International Association «Welding»
ISSN 2415-8445 (print)
Issue № 1, 2019 (February)
Features of structure formation in the precision alloy 29NK in ESR with a portion ingot formation
I.V. Protokovilov, A. T. Nazarchuk, D.A. Petrov, V.B. Porohonko
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine.
11 Kazimir Malevich Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The results of studying the features of structure formation in the ingots of the precision alloy 29NK are given, produced by electroslag remelting with a portion formation. The ingots with a diameter of 84 and 120 mm were melted by remelting consumable electrodes in a chamber electroslag furnace in a pulsed mode, providing the periodicity of processes of melting and crystallization of metal. This was achieved due to cyclical variation of electric voltage on the pool from the operating values to the values at which the melting of the electrode stopped. It is shown that a rational choice of electric supply modes during pulses and pauses of metal melting allows maintaining the stability of electroslag process and a good quality of the formation of the side surface of the ingot. At the same time, additional possibilities are opened for controlling the structure formation in the ESR metal with producing ingots having a dense structure, without porosity, inclusions, large columnar crystals and a zone of counter crystallization along the axis of the ingot. Ref. 8, Tabl. 1, Fig. 4.
electroslag remelting; precision alloys; kovar; ingot; portion formation; crystallization; macrostructure
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