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2018 №02 (02) DOI of Article
10.15407/sem2018.02.03
2018 №02 (04)

Современная электрометаллургия 2018 #02
SEM, 2018, #2, 28-36 pages
 
СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ РЕЛЬСОВЫЕ СТАЛИ И ВОЗМОЖНОСТИ ЭШП (Обзор). Сообщение 2. Требования стандартов к химическому составу стали для железнодорожных рельсов магистральных путей

Journal                    Современная электрометаллургия
Publisher                 International Association «Welding»
ISSN                      2415-8445 (print)
Issue                       № 2, 2018 (May)
Pages                      28-36
 
 
Authors
Л. Б. Медовар, А. П. Стовпченко, А. А. Полишко, Д. А. Коломиец, Е. А. Педченко, В. А. Зайцев
Институт электросварки им. Е. О. Патона НАН Украины. 03150, г. Киев, ул. Казимира Малевича, 11. E-mail: office@paton.kiev.ua
 
Abstract
Сделано сравнение отечественного стандарта на железнодорожные рельсы и современных зарубежных. Показано, что в Украине требования к железнодорожным рельсам значительно мягче по сравнению с зарубежными и не обеспечивают современного уровня их качества. Проанализирована связь современных металлургических технологий производства рельсов и их качества, в частности возможности использования вакуум-углеродного раскисления рельсовой стали и отказа от раскисления алюминием. Показана целесообразность разработки нового стандарта Украины на железнодорожные рельсы и возможность использования электрошлакового переплава для рельсов высокого качества. Библиогр. 27, табл. 3.

Ключевые слова: железнодорожные рельсы; рельсовые стали; бейнитные; перлитные; гиперэвтектоидные; вакуум-углеродное раскисление; макроструктура; электрошлаковый переплав; стандарт
 
Received:                02.05.18
Published:               25.05.18
 
 
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