Avtomaticheskaya Svarka (Automatic Welding), #3, 2017, pp. 51-58
State-of-the-art of methods for improvement of corrosion resistance and corrosion fatigue resistance of welded joints (Review)
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute, NASU
11 Kazimir Malevich Str., 03680, Kiev, Ukraine. E-mail: email@example.com
To improve the service reliability of products and welded structures in the conditions of corrosive environment, the methods of surface plastic deformation of metal are applied, which impart the physical-mechanical properties to the hardened layer, differed from the base metal. The technical progress contributes not only to the development of new methods of surface plastic deformation (for example, surface fusion using a nanopulsed laser), but also to the continuous improvement of conventional methods (shot blasting, pressure treatment, etc.), the efficiency of which was proved in practice. The aim of this review is to evaluate the current state of use of surface plastic deformation methods to increase the corrosion fatigue resistance and durability of steels and welded joints. The analysis of literature data showed that the experimental investigations of recent years are mainly devoted to the determination of efficiency of hardening the stainless steels and their joints applying these methods for subsequent application in such areas as medicine (implants), nuclear power engineering (reactors) and shipbuilding. For the treatment of welded metal structures, the most promising is ultrasonic impact treatment due to compactness and mobility of the equipment, ecological compatibility of the technological process, high efficiency, capability of strengthening the welded joints in any spatial positions in the field conditions. 37 Ref., 4 Figures.
welded joint, corrosion, surface plastic deformation, ultrasonic impact treatment, corrosion fatigue, corrosion resistance
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