Avtomaticheskaya Svarka (Automatic Welding), #2, 2020, pp.38-43
Properties of joints of V134T grade alloy under the conditions of TIG welding
V.A. Koval, T.M. Labur, T.R. Yavorska
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine, 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine.
The paper presents the results of studying the weldability of sheet aluminium alloy of V134T grade of Al-Mg-Si-Cu-Fe system under the conditions of nonconsumable electrode manual argon-arc welding. This alloy is characterized by high susceptibility to hot cracking in welding. The hot brittleness index is equal to A
= 65.8 – 85.5 %. The impact of filler material chemical composition on hot cracking resistance of weld metal was studied. It is found that in welding by batch-produced wires of SvAMg63, Sv1201, Sv1217 grades the crack resistance value is A
= 30.3 – 53.9 %, and at application of wire of ZvAK5 grade this characteristic of welds is equal to A
= 6.6 – 19.8 %. Nonconsumable electrode manual argon-arc welding of V1324T alloy allows producing tight sound joints of this material with strength coefficient of 0.80 – 0.87 which also depends on filler wire chemical composition. The value of ultimate strength of the alloy welded joints, made using different grades of filler wire is equal to ?t
= 193.2 – 209.0 MPa, and the yield limit ?0.2
= 138.4 – 151.6 MPa; relative elongation ? = 3.1 – 5.4 %, bend angle ? – 40 – 65 deg. 7 Ref., 4 Tabl., 5 Fig.
Keywords: aluminium alloy, nonconsumable electrode manual argon-arc welding, filler wires, welded joints, structure, mechanical properties, hot cracks
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