Avtomaticheskaya Svarka (Automatic Welding), #5, 2020, pp. 10-15
Effect of mode of electron beam welding, heat treatment and plastic deformation on strength of joints of aluminum 1570 alloy
V.V. Skryabinsky, V.M. Nesterenkov, M.O. Rusynyk, V.R. Strashko
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of NAS of Ukraine, 11 Kazymyr Malevich Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine.
The effect of the rate of hardening the weld metal during EBW process and the temperature of the subsequent heat treatment
on the strength of welded joints of aluminum 1570 alloy was studied. The rate of “hardening” the weld metal was measured by
submerging thermocouple into the molten metal of weld pool. At the increase in welding speed from 2.8 to 16.8 mm/s, the rate
of "hardening" grows from 5∙102 to 1∙104 °C/s and the subsequent heat treatment of welded joints increases their strength to
the level of strength of the base metal of stamped semi-finished products of 1570 alloy. It was established that during electron
beam welding, the welding speed and, consequently, the rate of «hardening» do not affect the strength level of heat treated joints.
The optimal mode of heat treatment is artificial aging at a temperature of 350 °C and 1 hour duration. It is possible to increase
the strength of welded joints of 1570 alloy to the level of strength of rolled plates by 30% applying a cold plastic deformation
or by 20% applying deformation with a subsequent artificial aging. 10 Ref., 3 Tabl., 9 Fig.
electron beam welding, aluminum alloy, welded joints, welding speed, heat treatment, strength
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