Avtomaticheskaya Svarka (Automatic Welding), #2, 2021, pp. 38-42
Influence of technological and metallurgical factors on formation of copper welded joints in electron beam welding
V.M. Nesterenkov, L.A. Kravchuk, M.O. Rusynyk
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine.
11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150, Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The influence of technological and metallurgical factors on the formation of welded joints in electron beam welding of M1
copper grade with the thickness δ = 18 mm by a vertical electron beam in the flat position in a one pass was studied. The system
of a computer control of the process of electron beam welding in the installation UL-209M allows performing cleaning of
the adjacent joint zone from the remnants of contaminants and oxides using a low-power electron beam focused on the metal
surface in a single technological cycle. The use of high-speed local scanning of the electron beam in a circle allowed a significant
reduction in the temperature in the central part of the welding pool and, thus, eliminated burnouts and splashes of weld metal. It
was established that the optimal welding speed at accelerating voltage Uacc = 60 kV is in the range vw = 6...8 mm/s. Metallurgical
treatment of welding pool with the inserts of aluminium and titanium foil eliminates the tendency to formation of pores in the
weld metal. 16 Ref., 1 Tabl., 5 Fig.
electron beam welding, electron beam, computer control, circular scanning, penetration depth, input energy, welding
speed, facial bead width, porosity
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3. Ryzhkov, F.N., Bashkatov, A.V., Zakomoldin, A,F. et al. (1973) Welding of bronze Br.Kh0.8 and steel EI811 with oscillating electron beam. Ibid., 5, 56-58 [in Russian].
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5. Anoshin, V.A., Ilyushenko, V.M., Bondarenko, A.N. et al. (2014) Integrated evaluation of effect of main impurities on weldability of copper. The Paton Welding J., 11, 24-27. https://doi.org/10.15407/tpwj2014.11.04
6. Paton, B.E., Nazarenko, O.K., Nesterenkov, V.M. et al. (2004) Computer control of electron beam welding with multi-coordinate displacements of the gun and workpiece. Ibid., 5, 2-5.
7. Nesterenkov, V.M., Kravchuk, L.A., Arkhangelsky, Yu.A. et al. (2015) Electron beam welding of medium-pressure chamber of gas turbine engine. Ibid., 12, 29-33. https://doi.org/10.15407/tpwj2015.12.06
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9. Skryabinskyi, V.V., Nesterenkov, V.M., Rusynyk, M.O. (2020) Electron beam welding with programming of beam power density distribution. The Paton Welding J., 1, 49-53. https://doi.org/10.37434/as2020.01.07
10. Nesterenkov, V.M. (2003) Special features of capillary waves in the vapour-gas channel in electron beam welding of thick metal. Ibid., 4, 7-12.
11. Agarkov, V.Ya. (1980) Electron beam welding of copper (Review). Avtomatich. Svarka, 11, 42-43 [in Russian].
12. Nazarenko, O.K., Agarkov, V.Ya., Ikonnikov, V.I. (1986) Influence of method of edge preparation on weld pore formation in electron beam welding. Ibid., 2, 21-25 [in Russian].
13. Goncharov, A.N., Krivosheya, V.E. (1980) Effect of alloy additives on weldability of copper. In: Current problems of welding of nonferrous metals. Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 221- 225 [in Russian].
14. Ilyushenko, V.M., Anoshin, V.A., Bondarenko, A.N. et al. (1980) Investigation of influence of additives and a number of alloying elements on crack formation in welding of copper. Ibid., 217-221 [in Russian].
15. Kolachev, Ya.L., Livanov, V.A., Elagin, V.I. (1981) Metals science and heat treatment of nonferrous metals and alloys. Moscow, Metallurgiya [in Russian].
16. Si, L., Zhou, L., Zhu, X. et al. (2016) Microstructure and property of Cu-2,7Ti-0,15Mg-0,1Ce-0,1Zr alloy treated with a combined aging process. Mater. Sci. Eng.: A650, 345-353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2015.10.062
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