Avtomaticheskaya Svarka (Automatic Welding), #9, 2021, pp. 12-18
Problems of wet underwater welding of duplex steels
S.Yu. Maksymov, A.A. Radzievska, D.V. Vasyliev, G.V. Fadeeva
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute. 11 Kazymyr Malevych Str., 03150 Kyiv, Ukraine. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article considers the problem of welding duplex steels: state-of-the-art of the problem and prospects for further development.
Welds made in air and under water using coated electrodes, are characterized by a similar structure and properties. Intensive
cooling provided by the water environment does not increase the content of ferrite in the weld and HAZ as compared to the
content of ferrite in the joints made in the air. Butt joints produced under water at an unstable arc burning are characterized by
a tendency to cold cracks formation in the weld metal, but in the HAZ cracks were not detected. in the article the analysis of
hardness distribution in the investigated joints was presented, which did not reveal significant differences between the values
determined in the welds made in air and in water. The size of austenitic phases in dry welding was larger than in wet welding
under the same conditions of heat input. In wet welding, the share of γ-phase increased significantly with a growth in input
energy from 27.31 to 39.46% for the weld center and from 35.01 to 44.9% for the weld metal adjacent to the fusion line. All
investigated compositions of the chemical composition of the weld metal were insensitive to local corrosion due to high values
of PREN. The weld metal adjacent to the fusion line showed optimal resistance to local corrosion, and the weld metal showed
better resistance to local corrosion than the heat-affected-zone. 17 Ref., 1 Tabl., 8 Fig.
duplex steels, underwater welding, welded joint, formation, structure, corrosion, service properties, welding materials
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