TPWJ, 2017, #12, 16-22 pages
New possibilities of additive manufacturing using Xbeam 3D metal printing technology (Review)
Journal The Paton Welding Journal
Publisher International Association «Welding»
ISSN 0957-798X (print)
Issue #12, 2017 (December)
D.V. Kovalchuk, V.I. Melnik, I.V. Melnik and B.A. Tugaj
PJSC SPA «Chervona Hvilya»
15 Kazimir Malevich Str., 03150, Kiev, Ukraine. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
New technology called xBeam 3D Metal Printing was developed by PJSC SPA «Chervona Hvilya» to solve the most important engineering and economic problems of the currently available methods of additive manufacturing. It is based on application of shaped electron beam as the heat source and of wire as consumable material. The key element of the new engineering solution is a special low-voltage gas-discharge electron gun, with a guide built-in along its axis for consumable wire feeding. A unique hollow conical electron beam generated by such a gun, creates exceptional physical conditions for melting of consumable and its layer-by-layer deposition that not only provides the capabilities of precisely controlled and repeatable manufacturing of products, but also opens up the possibilities for development of new technologies and materials. At present xBeam 3D Metal Printing technology has successfully passed laboratory and practical trials in an experimental 3D-printer. 16 Ref., 13 Figures.
electron beam, gas-discharge electron beam guns, additive manufacturing of metals, 3D metal printing
- A third industrial revolution. The Economist, http://www.economist.com.node/21552901.
- Is 3D printing the next industrial revolution? TechCrunch, https://techcrunch.com/2016/02/26/is-3d-printing-the-next- industrial-revolution/
- (2013) Additive manufacturing market outlook. Value chain-Market size-Key players-Business models. Additive manufacturing. A game changer for the manufacturing industry? Strategy Consultants GmbH, Roland Berger, 19–24.
- ISO/ASTM 52900:2015 (ASTM F2792): Additive manufacturing. General principles. Terminology.
- Wohlers Report 2017. 3D printing and additive manufacturing: state of the industry annual worldwide progress report. ISBN 978-0-9913332-3-3.
- What is additive manufacturing?com, http:// additivemanufacturing.com/basics/
- Zaleski, A. (2015) Here’s 3D printing needs more metal. Fortune, 11.
- 3D printing processes: The free beginner’s guide, http://3dprintingindustry.com/3d-printing-basics-free-beginners-guide/processes/
- Chaplais, Ch. (2016) 7 challenges to a wider adoption of additive manufacturing in the industry. Manufacturing transformation, http://www.apriso.com/blog/2016/07/7-challenges-to-a-wider-adoption-of-additive-manufacturing-in-the-industry-part-1/
- Gao, W., Zhang, Y., Ramanujan, D. et al. (2015) The status, challenges, and future of additive manufacturing in engineering. Computer-Aided Design, 69, 65–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cad.2015.04.001
- Douglas, S.T., Stanley, W.G. (2014) Costs and cost effectiveness of additive manufacturing. NIST Special Publication 1176.
- Kovalchuk, D.V., Melnyk, V.G., Melnyk, I.V., Tugaj, B.A. (2016) Method of manufacturing of 3D objects and device for its realization. Pat. 112682 Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
- Kovalchuk, D., Melnyk, V., Melnyk, I., Tugai, B. (2016) Prospects of application of gas-discharge electron beam guns in additive manufacturing. Electrotechnics and Electronics (E+E), 5–6, 36–42.
- Makhnenko, O.V., Milenin, A.S., Velikoivanenko, E.A. et al. (2017) Modelling of temperature fields and stress-strain state of small 3D sample in its layer-by-layer forming. The Paton Welding J., 3, 7–14. https://doi.org/10.15407/tpwj2017.03.02
- Ghidini, T. (2013) An overview of current AM activities at the European Space Agency. 3D printing & additive manufacturing — Industrial applications. Global Summit 2013 (London, UK).
- Clinton, R.G. Jr. (2017) NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Additive Manufacturing: Rocket engines and in space manufacturing. In: of 2nd Int. Symp. on Additive Manufacturing (February 8–9, 2017, Dresden, Germany).